The colorectum includes the colon and rectum. Colorectal cancer (CRC) is one of the most common malignant tumors in the world, and its incidence ranks third among malignant tumors and first among digestive tract malignant tumors. More than 700,000 patients die of colorectal cancer each year. With the exception of a few developed countries, the incidence of colorectal cancer is increasing rapidly in most countries. To address this challenge, many new technologies have been gradually applied to colorectal cancer surgery. With the innovation of technology and equipment, both the characteristics of minimally invasive treatment of colorectal cancer surgery and its effectiveness have been clinically recognized. This special issue aims to discuss the recent research progress of minimally invasive techniques for colorectal surgery, in order to provide a reference for the selection of surgical treatment strategies for colorectal patients.