- Prof. Andy Petroianu
- Department of Surgery, School of Medicine, Federal University of Minas Gerais, Brazil.
Website | E-mail
Special Issue Introduction
Appendicitis is the most common abdominal emergency. The lifetime risk of developing appendicitis is approximately 7% and it usually requires surgical treatment. It exhibits an increased incidence in patients with white skin between the ages of 15 and 30 years. A male preponderance exists, with the male-to-female ratio of 1:1 to 3:1.
Abdominal pain is the primary presenting complaint of patients with acute appendicitis. Nausea, vomiting, and anorexia occur in varying degrees. Laboratory data upon presentation usually reveal an elevated leukocytosis with a left shift. Radiographic image of faecal loading image in the caecum has a sensitivity of 97 % and a negative predictive value of 98%. Ultrasound may have a sensitivity of 90% and specificity higher than 90%. Helical CT has reported a sensitivity that may reach 95% and specificity higher than 95%.
About 15% to 40% of all appendectomies result in removal of appendices with normal macro- and micromorphological aspects. Even in such case, the manifestations of acute abdomen disappear immediately after removal of the appendix, without recurrence, indicating a neuroimmunoendocrine appendicopathy.
During the past decades, minimally invasive surgery has been the standard treatment for acute appendicitis. The purpose of this special issue of the Mini-invasive Surgery is an up-to-date presentation of the state-of-the-art diagnosis and treatment for acute abdomen due to appendicopathies.
1. Diagnosis and management of acute appendicitis
2. Diagnosis of inflammatory and non inflammatory appendicopathy
3. Anesthesia for minimally invasive appendectomy
4. Laparoscopic versus open surgery for acute appendicitis
5. Minimally invasive surgery in complicated appendicitis
6. Minimally invasive appendectomy in special patients (children, older, pregnant, cardiopathy, etc.)
7. Laparoscopic endoscopic single-site surgery versus conventional laparoscopic surgery for acute appendicitis
8. Robotic appendectomy
9. Postoperative complications in minimally invasive appendectomy
10. Trends in the management of acute appendicitis
Submission Deadline31 Aug 2021